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The global burden of melanoma
Which regions of the world carry the most significant burden of melanoma, and what can be done to reduce melanoma incidences globally? Despite recent improvements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment, vast differences in melanoma burden still exist between populations. Comparative data can highlight these differences and lead to focused efforts to reduce the burden of melanoma.
A recent report assessed the global, regional and national melanoma incidence, mortality and disability-adjusted life year estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
It was reported that the five world regions with the greatest melanoma incidence, disability-adjusted life year and mortality rates were Australasia, North America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe and Central Europe.
With the exception of regions in sub-Saharan Africa, disability-adjusted life year and mortality rates were greater in men than in women.
Disability-adjusted life year rate by age was highest in those aged 75-79 years, 70-74 years and ≥ 80 years.
The report concluded that the greatest burden from melanoma falls on Australasian, North American, European, elderly and male populations, which is consistent with previous investigations.
These substantial disparities in melanoma burden worldwide highlight the need for aggressive prevention efforts.
It is hoped that the Global Burden of Disease Study results can help shape melanoma research and public policy.
Karimkhani C, et al. The global burden of melanoma: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Br J Dermatol. 2017 July. 177 (1): 134-140. doi: 10.1111/bjd.15510. Epub 2017 Jun 12.